Virtually any IT professional is well versed in the variety of ways one might configure their network. An important aspect of any network is the ethernet cable wiring. In fact, any number of network issues can be the direct result of a failed cable or one that was poorly constructed. While it may seem like rocket science to many, creating a data conductor is actually quite simple provided the right tools are available. One only need to know which type to construct and to have the ability to follow simple directions.
Before getting started, remember that having the right tools for the job can make the process a much more simple one. For ethernet, all that is needed are wire strippers, wire cutters, and, depending on the type of connectors required, either a crimp tool or punch tool. A tester is also nice to have, and many professionals consider them to be essential, however they are not required unless testing is desired prior to or after installation.
Step one is to remove a bit of shielding from both ends. One or two inches is generally more than enough. Remember that leaving too much conductor exposed at the end can result in a cable that functions poorly or perhaps not at all. If too much shielding is stripped back, use wire cutters to evenly trim back the conductors.
The second step will be to separate the four twisted pairs and then to untwist enough wire for insertion into the connector. There is no need to remove the plastic covering the conductors. This will be accomplished by either the punch tool or the crimper. Removing any plastic from the end can cause the wire to fail frequently or completely.
Now is the time to understand the type of wiring needed. Whether wiring a straight-through connection, custom, or crossover, it is important to get it right on both ends. In time this will be done simply by memory, just remember to be consistent. If the pairs do not match on either end, data transmission will not be successful.
To install the connectors, slide the conductors all the way in making certain each is fully inserted. Align the crimper or insert the connector into the crimper and use enough pressure to insure a solid connection. It is important to note that using too much pressure can actually damage the connector. This can also vary when different tools are used. Practice will be needed to get it just right.
Once the connectors are properly secured in place on both ends, a tester can be implemented to confirm proper configuration and data transmission. Certainly it is best to test now rather than after the cable has been run through the plenum or behind sheet rock. Taking the time to test at this stage can save tons of time and frustration later on when trying to trace out problems after installation.
Ethernet cable wiring is certainly not complex, however there are certain tools that are necessary. These tools make the job much easier and allow for quality that will last. Identifying the arrangement of conductors for each type of wiring is simple as well and will eventually become second nature. Remember to follow best practices to ensure quality that will perform well and will enjoy a long life.
Get inside info on the best practices for Ethernet cable wiring now in our guide to all need to know about network setup on http://www.cableethernetsplitter.info