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The People, Process, Technology Puzzle

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by Axel Bührmann

Article by Sandra Noble

 The People, Process, Technology Puzzle

Today’s buzz words are People, Process, and Technology. To reach business goals, each must be addressed and each must be appropriate. So, what does that mean? And, how do the puzzle pieces fit together?

This thing called Technology

Technology consists of hardware and software. The wrong technology decision has the boomerang effect of adding stress to the process and people components. Large companies are able to throw resources, usually money, at the problem to make things work. Smaller companies don’t often have that luxury, so they have to endure the pain. The smaller the company, the more risk you take on by not making an appropriate selection.

Do you have the right cost effective hardware?Example: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is all the rage and in some cases may be required or mandated by others in your supply chain. But in may cases a bar code solution that you may already have could suffice.

Is your software appropriate for your organization or company? Example: You may have chosen the name brand software solution that covers all the basic functions and works well for most companies. But perhaps you’re in a specialized industry where a more targeted solution would be most appropriate.

A look at ProcessOften business look to technology to solve a process problem. Sometimes this works. Technology companies try to incorporate best practice processes into their products. Modifying your processes to work with the technology can bring about improvement of your processes.

On the other side of the coin, a thorough understanding of your current processes can help you make better technology decisions. Surely there is wisdom in lots of your processes. But like anything that has been modified and enhanced over time, it probably is less efficient than it would have been it the current / future state had been planned for in the beginning.

Is the corporate strategy clearly articulated and understood by all? This drives your organizational structure, your products, your processes and your technology.People are PivotalYou have the technology and you have the processes, but nothing happens unless they are utilized by people. There are lots of debates about the attainability of a return on investment for an ERP system. Reasons that ROI may seem elusive are:* Mismatch between process and technology* The wrong technology solution was selected, for example:o doesn’t match your corporate goals or your industryo cannot handle compliance requirements* Inadequate documentation* People have not been adequately trained to take advantage of the technology* Technology was not set up and/or implemented correctly for your business* Lack of collaboration within the organization and /or throughout the supply chain.

People are expensive but crucial resources. The purpose of process and technology are to help your people add value to your organization.

Get IT Right!

What is the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)? The obvious project costs are for hardware, software, systems integration services, data conversion. But the TCO concept encourages a consideration of all direct and indirect costs, incurred throughout the life cycle of an asset or technology, including acquisition, deployment, operation, support and retirement.

Rising demands of regulatory compliance coupled with the relentless pursuit of profitability require corporations to find innovative ways to increasingly add value to the business without adding additional cost.

Many times businesses don’t want to take the time to properly analyze their requirements, goals and objectives before they embark on new projects. But you can’t afford not to take the time. Either you invest the money up front to get the right solutions or you pay later for maintenance costs, ineffective operations, poor employee morale and inability to make effective decisions.

Addressing all these pieces of the people, process, and technology puzzle will reveal the hidden potential in your organization. Having these pieces in place provides a panoramic view which empowers you to execute a strategy for success. Shouldn’t your goal be to maximize and accelerate ROI, and minimize TCO?

Copyright 2006, Noble & Associates Consulting, Inc.

Noble & Associates Consulting specializes in IT Strategy, Needs Assessments, Software Selection, ERP Implementations, and curing Post Implementation Distress

Technology and Education

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by RDECOM

Article by Macie Brown

 Technology and Education

Technology has completely changed the way mankind works. It has become an integral part of our lives and basic movements of man are now solely dependent upon technology. Technology has prepared mankind to work faster, smarter and allows the brain to concentrate on other exciting and challenging goals and milestones. The last decade is dedicated to the workmanship of technology and its impact on the human race. http://www.360career.com/. It has given us sleeker cell phones, internet mobility on personal computers that can now fit in purses and an extensive database of knowledge called the internet. There is no avenue that technology has not touched. The complete workforce of mankind now works with technology. Thousands of industries and organizations around the world are now reaping the benefits of technology. And the education system is no exception to the rule. Technology has advanced and honed policies, streamlined academic activity and provided extensive reporting that was never possible before. Unique systems are now available in the market that immediately notify parents if their child or children arrive late at school and allow teachers to remotely send homework and grade papers online. Students across the world now search and prepare term papers all from simple browsing the internet at home or libraries. The basic principles of knowledge have not changed but the very edifice of obtaining and teaching has been revolutionalised by technology. Other benefits of technology in the education arena are the administration functionality that technology provides. It allows colleges and universities to monitor thousands of students at one given go and allow hundreds of students to register classes that are suitable to the teachers and the students by the click of a mouse. Elementary and high schools can use sophisticated voice mails to update parents of the progress of the updates of their children. Technology has also been able to successfully deploy dedicated networks across intranets within college domains to share documents and reports. The primal goal of these communications servers are designed to streamline information and messaging within the school system’s administrative and teaching community. This type of system can also help facilitate communications between various designated groups, clubs, the entire student body, and parents. Through this, everyone can stay better informed of special events and check the system frequently for any updates or changes that may have occurred. All student games, activities and personal information of students can be stored and retrieved at any given time by school officials. The other important benefit of technology in the education sector is the exponential increase in enrollment due to the availability of online courses. People do not have to be physically available to take part in an important meeting or class across the world. Simple bandwidth connectivity will do the job and allow thousands of people in one global sphere to easily communicate with people in dispersed areas. Hundreds of companies exist that build and provide applications and sophisticated softwares that further improve on the benefits of technology in education. Applications now provide video conferencing and remote logins to servers. For more information and details visit: http://www.360career.com/content/Technology-and-education.asp

Macie is a staff writer for Ticket Nest ( http://www.ticketnest.com ) and enjoys writing about her travel, theater and concert experiences. She can be reached at macie@ticketnest.com










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Talk-text technology heading for your Nissan

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by RDECOM

Article by Eddie Sherman

 Talk text technology heading for your Nissan

Technology is a funny thing. Sometimes new knowledge makes the world a safer place. For example airbag technology has come a long way and now front and side airbags come standard on most vehicles. Also, new technology in automobiles can tell drivers when they are drifting into neighboring lanes, when changing lanes is a bad idea and even alert drivers when they are falling asleep at the wheel. This kind of technology is rapidly being improved, while utilizing cost-saving measures, and it is just short amount of time before it will all be standard on all levels of vehicles.However, other times technology makes the world a more dangerous place. Often this technology comes in the form of entertainment devices and thus, is more popular and widespread use is common. For example, touch screen entertainment systems that sit in the front dash of vehicles can now play DVDs

Technology and Education

Article by hccreati

<Technology and Education

Technically, technology and education are two separate and different concepts. But they are often intertwined and united to complement each other. Technology involves different innovations to make lives better. Education is accumulation of knowledge and skills to make a difference. Technology would not be easily assimilated without education, and vice versa. These days, education systems are particularly more reliant on technology.

Technology has become an influential factor of education. These days, it is even regarded as highly important when it comes to facilitating learning. This is not very surprising. In the past, teaching methods involved overhead projectors and copiers. These days, the advent of computers makes possible lecturing with the aid of PowerPoint presentations. Computers are also becoming important tools that make possible every learning task in and out of the classroom.

Most students and teachers know how to operate computers. This makes online education more possible. Now, technology has put up virtual learning environments that aim to engage and educate students through distance learning. There is no more need to come to formal and traditional classes because teaching methods are already facilitated through the Internet. Computers also aid teaching and learning methods. Aside from the online capability, computers make learning more enjoyable. It has been observed that more students enjoy learning sessions when they are using computers. The class need not be online. There are formal classes that make use of computers collectively. The multimedia is becoming very popular among students and teachers alike.

Assessment of most students could also be facilitated by technology, specifically computers. A classic example is the ARS or Audience Response System that enables immediate and quick feedback tests aside from interactive classroom discussions. Surveys and evaluations could also be made online for more convenience, accuracy, and confidentiality.

ICTs or information and communication technologies make more things happen. In definition, ICTs make up diverse tools and sets of resources that are principally aimed at communicating, creating, storing, disseminating, and managing information. Such technologies may include of course computers, broadcast technologies, telephony, and the Internet. Through the years, there has been a rising interest at how online media could bolster condition of education at all existing levels, in formal and even non-formal settings.

In the past ICTs have already been in use in aiding education. Older types of ICTs include television and radio. For more than 40 years, those media have effectively been used for distance and open learning. Special TV programs are even aimed at helping students learn more like those classic children’s shows like Sesame Street.

It should be noted that the use of different computer systems and the online media is still in its infancy stage especially in most developing countries. In most cases, use of new technologies in aiding education is hindered and limited due to infrastructure and availability issues. Many governments are starting to allocate significant budgets for integration of technology into education.

Technology is an effective aid to education. It is amusing how students these days could not imagine school without the use of the Internet. Back in the days, learning was only facilitated through manual materials like pens, papers, and blackboards. It is just overwhelming how times have changed. The future holds more promises. It is expected that education would further grow with the advent and introduction of more technologies.

For further articles on education and training please go to :www.educationtrainingcourses.org p></Technology>

My main interest is in using the internet for education and training purposes.For more articles and information please go to:http://www.educationtrainingcourses.org










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Heidegger on Technology

“The darkening of the world, the flight of the gods, the destruction of the earth, the transformation of man into a mass, the hatred and suspicion of everything free and creative, have assumed such proportions throughout the earth that such childish categories as pessimism and optimism have long since become absurd.”

Heidegger’s whole perspective on technology and the environment is linked to his conception of Being and Dasein. The best answer to the fundamental question of Being Heidegger comes up with Being is equal to Time. Being then is the unfolding of time, the revealing and concealing of beings. Thus Being is actually Becoming. Dasein is our way of being-in-the-world. Analyzing how we are in the world to find Being does not get us far, we actually have to ‘let Being be’ am to listen to what it reveals to us through the medium of Dasein. We can hear Being speak more clearly through art, poetry and music. Modern technology covers over Being and hides us from ourselves. This is because of the belief that the ‘I’ is the most fundamental idea and thus we are the more important being and the world is there for our use. This leads to the destruction of our environment; it is this limited avalanche lie process that Heidegger fears most and doubts we can overcome. For Heidegger our function, or nature, is to be world disclosers. Humans have modes of being that reveals Being. Both art and technology are techne and are ways of brining-forth being. Modern technology has evolved from its original form of techne, and in this Heidegger sees a danger to Dasein and also possible saving power.

In essence technology is revealing. Modern technology differs from technology in the past, in that “revealing that rules in in modern technology is a challenging,” (Krell, p.14). This challenging “puts to nature the unreasonable demand that it supply energy that can be extracted and stored as such.” (Krell, p,14). We conceive of the environment as resource for our use and we stockpile it, “Everything is viewed as ‘standing-reserve’ and, in that, loses its natural objective reality.” (Beckman, p,4). This limits our view of nature and distances us from it. “Just as humans have progressively limited the being of the natural objects around them, Heidegger observed, they too have acquired a progressively limited character or being.” (Beckman, p,5). By continuing on this path man is “approaching the brink of the possibility of pursuing and pushing forward nothing but what is revealed in ordering, and of deriving all of his standards on this basis.” (Krell, p.26). As humans become nothing but the orderer of standing reserve we then risk where we will have to be taken as standing reserve.

The problem arises out of the process the essence of technology takes. “Enframing does not simply endanger man in his relationship to himself and to everything that is. As destining it banishes man into that kind of revealing which is ordering.” (Krell, p.28). It is enflaming that causes the danger in limiting the ways of revealing. This enflaming is beyond humanity in that “man becomes the subject and the world the object, is a consequence of technology’s nature establishing itself, and not the other way around.” (Dreyfus, p.2). Thus it is a process that people are involved with but did not create. This point may be debatable but it is an accurate description of what people do, and thus we still have to consider ways to broaden our limited perspective. Through enflaming we see that the goal of technology is the more and more “flexible and efficient ordering of resources, not as objects to satisfy our desires, but simply for the sake of ordering.” (Dreyfus, p.2).

Do we see evidence of people becoming standing-reserve? Hubert Dreyfus says post-modern instrumental world is giving way to way to hyperreality of ‘stimulators that seek to get rid of the limitations imposed by the read world.’ In today’s world information is replacing objects in our day to day lives and thus “both the subject and the object are sucked up as standing-reserve.” (Dreyfus, p.3). Information is endlessly transformable, our objective self is transformable, and it is Heidegger’s intuition is that treating everything as standing-reserve… makes possible endless disaggretion, redistribution, and reggregation for its own sake.” (Dreyfus, p.3). For Dreyfus the Internet is a prime example, where information is on hand at all times, we can shed the limitations of the real world, shed the real world entirely at times and we all becoming standing reserve. Video games can also be seen as an example, as we delve into a fantasy world at the expense of the real world in order to escape reality.

This makes humans lose sight of their essence and identity. Modern technology takes us farther from our own being. We become fluid and take on many personas if not totally disregarding our true selves. This “enables people to be many selves without having to integrate themselves or to use them to improve a single identity.” (Dreyfus, p.4). Furthermore, this leads to no anchor to our identity with no home sense of self or community, in a world that is becoming increasingly interconnected through the web and disconnected locally. Feeling at home in us and our environments is an important idea for Heidegger, yet with our lifestyles and always being ‘connected’ at everyplace and every time we are becoming less aware of our environment altogether, more ‘at home’ chatting on Facebook than face-to-face.

The solution proposed is very much an attempt for humans to be more at home; that is, to set up local worlds. A world is a context and set of understanding we have in our being-in-the-world. These local worlds occur “around some everyday thing that temporarily brings into their own both the thing itself and those involved in the typical activity concerning the use of the thing.” (Dreyfus, p.6). Things that gather and ground us in our being; being which is intrinsically aware and involved with other beings. An example Heidegger gives of such objects that gather us into a positive relationship with other beings is a wine jug, which gather people into meaningful situations. This grounds ourselves back into our being and thus instead of taking oneself as fractured collection of skills we are in tune with technological flexibility. We must find technological things that not so much meet our desires, or collect for the sake of ‘having’ but opens ourselves to new ways of being ourselves. Thus we can explore new ways of being-in-the-world. Perhaps if we present ourselves authentically the internet could be a way of gathering ourselves into a consistent identity and also a way of communicating with others if not exactly face-to-face then certainly screen face-to-face. The example of Facebook, which could like all internet applications fracture your sense of self or it could collect aspects of your being-in-the-world to share with others, thus connecting rather than disconnecting. Video games that could disengage you from your environment and reality itself could also be a way for friends and family to interact together.

Yet we must resist the compelling urge to rely on the nature of technological devices or those that promote one style of interaction. Technological things demand certain skills without requiring that we take ourselves as having one kind of identity, just a collective of skill sets. Yet, as “disclosers we may even respond to technological things as revealing one kind of world among others.” (Dreyfus, p.11). Thus Heidegger’s saving power is our ability free ourselves “from having a total fixed identity so that we may experience ourselves as multiple identities disclosing multiple worlds.” (Dreyfus, p.11). Which may seem like a contradiction. Technology both does not let us settle on our ‘home’ sense of self while on the other hand fixes our identity. Yet it is a matter of how we interact with that technology, in how it either fragments our sense of self, denies our sense of self, disassembles us into a set of skills or it gathers us together, helps us define our selves and gives us a more complete sense of being interacting with other beings. Heidegger is pointing out that the saving power to this ordering is looking for other possibilities that gather us into local worlds. Different worlds of meaning that we create that let things ‘thing’. As to letting things ‘thing’, the average person does not pay attention to things in themselves, but then again, nor do we see everything as a resource. If we see things as things-in-themselves and make choices about how we relate to them or when to use them, then we as individuals can prevent seeing at least ourselves as standing reserve. “Technical choices establish the horizons of daily life. These choices define a ‘world’ within which the specific alternatives we thing of as purposes, goals, uses, emerge. They also define the subject we chooses among the alternatives: we make ourselves in making the world through technology.” (Feenberg, p,9).

Art aids in the saving power of technology. It is a mode of bringing-forth. It aids in the process of seeing the truth in things. We see equipment in its usefulness and reliability, but art works let the being of the thing shine forth. Artwork then plays a part in helping us broaden our perspective beyond the limiting of viewing things. It could be seen as a needed reflection. It opens a world and sets it up; a world where things are not just viewed as useful but in their essence. It is important to acknowledge that the world set up is displaying the thing in its true essence as part of the human world, since Dasein is never alone but in relation to other beings. So artwork is not meaningless creation or revealing but serves as a compliment to our reflection on technology.

Conclusion

Heidegger sees a problem with technology; not technology itself but how its essence is revealed. The solution to our losing our sense of self is to change our perspective. In essence technology orders in a particular way that restricts our view of nature. This way of revealing though in itself is not bad, it only becomes limiting when it closes us off to other possibilities and alienates us. On an individual level this broadening of our perspective is valuable and useful. On a societal level that change would be naturally far more difficult as we are rather entrenched in the enflaming process, which is also Heidegger’s concern and fear. It can be seen that creating local world with different meaning and different ways of being is becoming more useful it today’s flexible society, if we do not lose ourselves in the process.

“Only God can save us now.” – Heidegger.

Notes:

Dreyfus, Hubert Highway Bridges and Feasts: Heidegger and Boremann on How to Affirm Technology

Feenberg, Andrew  Hiedegger, Habermas, and the Essence of Technology

Krell, David  Martin Heidegger: Basic Writings 1972

Written by Nikki Albert
freelance writer and fiction writer

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Will Technology Destroy Mankind?

Will Technology Destroy Mankind?

When the world was created, there was no technolgogy but yet MAN survived. MAN walked on barefoot and travelled miles: then MAN starts to realise that it will be much better if someone else do the trekking so he can sit and enjoy the ride. So MAN starts to mount donkeys, from donkeys to horses to camels.

When MAN got to the river. He wondered how on earth is he going to cross it, so he build himself a boat, from boats to ships and he was able to travel through the atlantic.

MAN realised again that the horses and camels are like them, they breathe and they can die. MAN was fed up, he needs something that cannot breath but can move; and so he build a four wheeled machine and named it a CAR. All he has to do was put his legs on the pedal and keep his hands straight on the wheels. It worked, so MAN drived around town in comfort and in style.

As if that wasn’t enough, MAN sat on the mountain and watch the birds flying high in the sky. He envied them, he wished he could be free to fly and soar anywhere he desire. His thinking got the best of him, so he build a flying machine and named it AN AEROPLANE.

MAN got his wish. Yet it wasn’t enough. “It’s time to look beyond your levels”, He thoughts. He wondered and pondered what’s at the other side above the sky. His greed got the best of him and he builds a giant machine and named it SPACESHIP. MAN got crazy and starts to build nuts, from nuts to phones to bombs.

Finally, MAN realised he has tried creating so he decides to rest and enjoy the beauty of his creation. BUT ALAS! It strucks. All his creation began to go crazy at one time.

-His cars began to crash.

-His planes began to drop.

-His ships began to sink.

-His spaceships are disappearing.

-His bombs are exploding against him.

Everything is going bizzare. MAN realised what he has done but it’s too late, so MAN made a quote instead “the worst thing about creating a monster, is that one day it will come against you”

And so MAN lived to enjoy and suffer in the works of his own hands till this day.

Technology is good. It helps man to achieve certain heights but one way or the other technology is destroying man. Man has taken advantage of technology and are now using it against each other. People that invented technology did it for the good of mankind but little did they know it’s going to be the greatest challenge man ever has to face. And if extra measures are not taken, technology might destroy man.

Technology has made man lazy. Man depends on technology to do everything.

-WHEN MAN CREATED TELEPHONES: PEOPLE STOPPED VISITING RELATIVES AND FRIENDS AT HOME, THEY PREFER TO CALL INSTEAD.

-WHEN MAN CREATED TELEVISION: PEOPLE REFUSE TO GO OUT AND VIEW THE NATURE AND IT’S BEAUTY, THEY PREFER TO WATCH IT ON THE BIG SCREEN.

-WHEN MAN CREATED COMPUTER: PEOPLE ALLOWED COMPUTER DO EVERYTHING.

-WHEN MAN CREATED INTERNET: PEOPLE STARTS TO BRING OUT THE WORST IN THEM.

Technology has been been implanted into people’s blood. Man cannot do without technology. If technology is taken away, man will die. Imagine this world now without electricity. Do you think man will survive it? Imagine if the planes, the cars and ships are destroyed? Do you think the world will survive it? The big answer is NO! So technology has come to stay and will stay. That’s our biggest fear.

Too much of technology and scientific blah blah blah is killing the nature.

-Our climates are changing.

-The whether is going bizzare with the likes of hurricane katrina.

-The seas are under attack.

-The earh is undersiege.

No wonder we have countless of Earthquakes, Hurricanes, Volcanoes, you name them.

Different diseases are pouring into the world and into man’s system.

-Death rate has increased by the second.

-People are experiencing usual body pains.

-Cancers are killing more people than death itself…

WHY? Because

-people now breath in gas instead of air.

-People now drink in substances instead of pure water.

-Animals and Plants are dying too.

-The earth is losing it’s grips. WHY?

Because Technology and Science are getting heavier and heavier.

-Do you have any idea how much a single human being weighs? Then multiply it by the total population of the world.. How much?

-How much does a single animal weighs? Muitiply it by the total number of the animal world.. How much? Not to mention the mountains, trees, seas, oceans and each stones and rocks.

-Then how much does a single nuclear weapon weighs? Muitply it by the total nuclear weapon ever built..How much?

Then tell me, how can one single planet EARTH carry all that heaviness? When God created the world to accomodate you and i, the animals and other creation. He didn’t make plans over our excessive technology burdenment.

So don’t be surprised that when the earth finally loses it’s grips. MAN is going to fall so hard on their buttocks and no one might survive to tell the story.

Written by Asif Arif

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How Technology Can be Built to Adapt to The Classroom

There has been a lot of talk about embedding technology in the classroom. One can just imagine the benefits of having technology in the classroom. Students can maximize their output in class and yield much better results and can guarantee that students will pursue their subjects with more interest and learn their subjects better.

But introducing technology into the classroom has also come under heavy criticism. Critics have a lot of points against induction of technology into the classroom. Their concerns do address a lot of issues and problems.

First of all, the role of technology is to enhance the experience of education. Technology should be used to aid education and introduce interest. Technology here is not the focus, but the catalyst. Even the aim of inducting technology into the classroom is not to bring in computer literacy, but to improve the classroom attendance, especially in countries with poor educational facilities.

So focus should be such that technology is engineered to fit the role of a catalyst than being a focus. Technology should supplement education, not surpass it.

First of all, the operating system of laptops used should be engineered to be as student-friendly as possible. Students should be able to use them easily. The Operating System needs to be engineered in such a way that there is effective control. Access to the internet should be properly controlled and monitored. In fact, if it were possible, a separate network should be made where students and teachers all over the world can submit informative content. That way the network can be monitored, pornographic and useless content may be kept off this network and students and teachers would have access to a lot of information and reference material.

These would address the problems of misuse and help the training of students and teachers in using the technology.

Improvements must be made in the design so that minimum power is used and it can be produced cheaply. The technology should be made as green as possible and should be recycled and refurbished and reused after a student is done with his/her studies. There should be an annual or bi-annual upgrade of systems so that the capability is enhanced and the student can learn more.

Even though most learning should take place with technology. Examinations as far as possible must be conducted by hand. We cannot let students lose track of their writing skills.

There are far more problems which are to be identified and dealt with before we can successfully induct technology into the classroom. Only after we solve all issues can we introduce technology and enhance student performance.

Written by vanguard76
Part time writer and student from India

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How to improve your business with technology

4844393362 e40ebfd981 m How to improve your business with technology
by RDECOM

Technology can change the speed, quality, efficiency and accuracy of a business. Technology has change the ways we do things. Technology has replaced many jobs that once used to be for human use only. Technology is the back bone behind cost saving, efficiency and a right hand for human use. There are certain things that we can’t possibly do without technology. This is why we must learn more about technology and even advance our businesses with the use of technology.

I can’t possibly think of moving a whole house without the use of a forklift or a truck. A human can’t do it alone. We must always use the aid of technology. I think technology is a gift to aid human in many ways. Since it’s widely available, we must use it to speed up our business, communication and save time and money. If you’re not using technology, it’s time to set some times aside and learn more about the latest technology.

Technology can save labor cost. If you replaced technology with human workers, you can save a lot of money. If you have one employee who watches five checkout registers, this is labor cost saving. This is an enormous amount of savings. If you have one employee watching five automatic checks in station at an airport, you are saving about five employees’ wages. This is an enormous amount of savings. This is why you must replace technology with human at all cost.

If you can use five laptop in your business and hire five people to work on your business then you have increase the work load by five times since you don’t have to do it all by yourself and you can’t produce a lot of work anyways. You can make so much more money by hiring more people to work on the computers with you. If you use yahoo chat to have meetings instead of flying across the world every time to have a meeting, you will save thousands of dollars for that. Yes, technology will help us in many ways. All you have to do is hop onto yahoo chat and you’re on your ways to meeting new people.

Written by kay_pierre







History of Computers

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by yum9me

The world of technology is an ever-changing realm which is extremely dominant in today’s society.  Everything we do, from registering for next semester’s classes to buying houses, revolves around technology, but especially computers.  Computers are now considered a requirement for education, and sometimes work.  But all this did not just start in an instant.  Computers were being built decades before I was even born, and ever since then, as time passed, improvements and alterations were made to them.  Now they are incredibly intelligent pieces of equipment after all those years of development, and all thanks to those who were determined and wanted to make a difference in the world of not only ours, but of technology as well.

Although the history of computers span over decades, it is hard to say when was the first one due to the many classifications and diversity of computers.  But to make life simple, I shall begin with the first mechanical computer ever created.  The Z1, created by fellow German, Konrad Zuse in the year of 1936.  It was a fairly simple computer, only capable of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with only a limited amount of control logic.  The average time it would take to add was five seconds and to multiply, ten seconds.  Several years after that, John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry invented the ABC Computer in 1942.  This computer invoked three important ideas that are still used even nowadays.  Based on information I  gathered from Wikipedia, it uses “binary digits to represent all numbers and data”, “performs all calculations using electronics rather than wheels ratchets, or mechanical switches”, and it “organizes a system in which computation and memory are separated”.  At last, in 1951 the first commercial computer appeared on the horizon.  Created by John Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly, the UNIVAC I was capable of performing about 1,905 operations per second which was quite a feat at the time.  The UNIVACs were mainly used in military bases or universities and others, but not many due to its increasing price which rose from 9,000 to ,500,000.

Finally the moment we’ve all been waiting for.  IBM enters the race with their first computer, IBM 701 EDPM made in 1952.  This new computer was not very far from IBM’s next development: the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language.  This language turned out to be good to use in general, and is best utilized for numeric computation and scientific computing.  It is still used to this day in the area of high-performance computing and is still in use in computational areas such as numerical weather prediction, finite element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, computational physics, and computational chemistry.  It is still being improved in any way possible in order to make it more efficient and is used for programs that benchmark super-computers.

By 1955 even the banks had their own computers.  With they’re special computers, called ERMA (Electronic Recording Machine-Accounting), they no longer had to manually book keep checks and handle accounts; now it was all automated thanks to GE, Bank of America, and SRI.  They also integrated a new technology in order to process the checks more efficiently, hence the introduction to the MICR (magnetic ink character recognition).

At last in 1974/75, the first consumer computers came out.  For now, there was only three available computers to the general public and that were more affordable, as well as manageable of course.  These included: the Scelbi, Mark-8 Altair, and IBM 5100.  These three computers were competing each other vigorously, each trying to prevail over the other.  Couple of years later, more computers entered the competition, all of them striving to be the best.

Alas, in 1981 Microsoft finally releases their first operating system called MS-DOS which was intended for the Intel 8086 since it had none available.  MS-DOS allowed one to attain greater speed by direct control of hardware which was useful in the case of playing computer games.

Then in 1984/85 began the war between Apple and Microsoft with the creation of Apple Macintosh Computer and Microsoft Windows.  The Apple was a more affordable home computer with a GUI; therefore, Microsoft had to bring their cards to the table as well in order to maintain the competition without losing profit of course.  This silent war continues to this very day with their latest releases of Mac OS X10.5 and Windows 7.

After having done all this research on the history of computers, it made me want to look more into them.  But that can wait, since one must know first what does the area of computer science entail of.  What I believe it is, without having looked for information on it beforehand, computer science revolves around not just the hardware of a computer, but also of the software along with the programming of one.  It deals with the what, why, and how computers work.

Written by c.rodriguez







Motion Picture Technology For Business Today

Perhaps you have seen a movie in 3D at the theater. But are you aware that this same technology is moving out of the movies and into the mainstream of modeling and virtual reality technology.  No longer reserved for future technology anymore, today it is becoming a reality in the everyday world.  How can this technology benefit you, and how do you gain get use of it?  The answers are easier than you think.

How are these technologies transitioning from pure entertainment to useful businesses tools?

Most of us recall the beginnings of 3D, but today this technology has come a long way.  3D and virtual reality are at the cutting edge of business today, providing companies with the ability to demonstrate products, provide live 3D models, and present their services in ways that were previously unheard of.  Think about having the ability to share a 3-dimensional model of your product with potential clients from the comfort of their own home or office – anywhere in the world. Can you imagine the ability to create a virtual storefront where people can truly feel they have walked right into a physical space? These tools and techniques are truly becoming a reality today.

The creation of a prototype of a product has traditionally been a relatively long and laborious process.  But today, 3-dimensional printers can create a model or prototype quickly and accurately.  Just as you are used to printing out a photo of an object, you can “print” an actual model of it.  This allows you to bring ideas to life easily, to work on them, and present them whenever they are needed.  Rapid prototyping is at the cutting edge of model design, and means entrepreneurs have a new tool at their disposal for bringing life to their idea.

This is only the surface of the new technology available and what it can do for business today; the applications are nearly endless.

A closer look at the new technology.

3-D Presentations.  New technology can now create three-dimensional displays to create sales and marketing as well as training presentations that go beyond the PowerPoint presentations we have all become used to seeing.  Interactive programs for learning and exploring, prototypes and virtual and holographic images– the range of uses for this technology is nearly limitless.  Can you imagine that medical professionals may be able to create a holographic image of a patient, and create the possibility of consulting from across many miles on surgical and other treatment approaches?

Rapid Prototyping.  The creation of a prototype quickly and easily is at hand.  It’s like sending a document to a printer.  This technology allows the image of a prototype to be sent to a three-dimensional “printer” where the prototype is created.  These highly detailed prototypes can be created in a fraction of the time, moving business forward more quickly.  There are numerous benefits across a wide range of fields that can be easily envisioned – imagine the creation of a prototype for a new artificial limb – made real and testable in a fraction of the time.

CAVE (Computer Animated Virtual Reality).  Just  imagine visiting another location – anywhere in the world, without actually going there.  Virtual reality is making it possible.  The technology that allows you to feel as if you are actually in a location thousands of miles away is only just starting to see the incredible range of applications for business.  Can you envision having customers visit your virtual store, seeing and hearing the sounds of a retail environment while making a purchase? This technology is in the not to distant future.

How can these technologies be accessed?

There’s no need to be a Hollywood producer or a Fortune 500 company anymore to gain access to the latest technology.  The world has changed, and the communities being formed via the internet provide new opportunities for established businesses and new entrepreneurs alike.

The Creation and presentation of an idea has never been easier thanks to the move of 3D towards more practical applications, and gaining access to that technology has never been easier either.  Making the right connections with the right people will remain the key to gaining access to the newest available products and services, and this won’t changed.  The difference is, today those connections are simpler to achieve, because the internet allows easier access to a wide variety of people and products.

About Author:

 

Content of Your Character was founded by Walter L. Gordy, Jr., a seasoned Real Estate Development and Construction professional. He has developed a number of creative community building strategies to help independent entrepreneurs, businesses owners and others who wish to share their message or mission with a wider audience.

Learn how you can use integrated solutions which employ New Media Tools, 3D Technology, and Traditional Tactics to produce superior business or personal growth by visiting http://topsecret.contentofyourcharacter.com/tech.html

 

Written by wgcinteractive